A Sommelier’s Comprehensive Guide to Wine Pairing
Lifestyle4 Minutes Read

A Sommelier’s Comprehensive Guide to Wine Pairing

February 22, 2023 Share



Unsure about your wine pairing capabilities? Fear not fellow hedonists, we’ve got you covered like a good Merlot.

Wine pairing can be a tricky business. With so many to choose from, factors to take into consideration, and price tags to abide by, choosing wine is a sport in its own right. So, let’s uncork some knowledge and delve into the tricky art of wine pairing.

The Basics

Image courtesy of Andreas Haslinger

There are a few basic principles to keep in mind when it comes to wine pairing. Firstly, you should aim to balance the intensity of the wine with the intensity of the food. For example, a delicate white wine would be overpowered by a heavily spiced or richly flavored dish, while a full-bodied red would be too heavy for a light salad.

Secondly, you should consider the flavors and textures of the food when choosing a wine. A good rule of thumb is to match the wine to the dominant flavor of the dish, whether it’s sweet, salty, spicy, or acidic. You can also consider the texture of the food – for example, a crisp white wine would complement a dish with a crunchy texture, while a smooth red would pair well with a creamy dish.

Cuisine Types

Italian Cuisine

Italian food is known for its rich tomato sauces, hearty pastas, and bold flavors. For a classic pairing, you can’t go wrong with a Chianti or Barolo, both of which have enough body and tannins to stand up to the richness of Italian cuisine. If you’re in the mood for white wine, try a Pinot Grigio or Vermentino, both of which have enough acidity to cut through the richness of the sauce.

French Cuisine

French cuisine is all about balance and elegance, and the wine pairings should reflect this. For lighter dishes such as seafood or salads, a crisp Sauvignon Blanc or Chablis would be a good choice, while heartier dishes such as beef or duck would pair well with a bold Bordeaux or Côtes du Rhône.

Asian Cuisine

Asian cuisine is incredibly diverse, ranging from spicy Thai curries to delicate sushi rolls. When it comes to wine pairings, the key is to match the flavors and intensity of the dish. For spicy dishes, a slightly sweet Riesling or Gewürztraminer can help to cool the palate, while seafood dishes would pair well with a crisp, dry white such as a Grüner Veltliner. For heavier dishes such as beef or lamb, a bold Cabernet Sauvignon or Syrah would be a good choice.

Image courtesy of Tolga Ahmetler

Wine Types

Let’s start with whites. Crisp and refreshing, these wines are perfect for lighter dishes like salads, seafood, and chicken. Sauvignon Blanc is a classic choice, with its bright acidity and citrusy notes, while Chardonnay is a more buttery, full-bodied option that pairs well with richer dishes like pasta with cream sauce or roast chicken.

Moving on to rosé – this pink-hued wine has seen a surge in popularity in recent years, and for good reason. Its light, fruity flavor and refreshing acidity make it a perfect choice for summer meals and outdoor gatherings. It pairs well with lighter fare like salads, seafood, and grilled vegetables, but can also stand up to heartier dishes like pork or lamb.

And now, the king of wines – reds. These rich, bold wines are perfect for hearty dishes like beef, lamb, and game meats. Cabernet Sauvignon is a classic choice, with its full-bodied flavor and bold tannins, while Pinot Noir is a lighter, more delicate option that pairs well with chicken or pork. Merlot is another popular choice, with its smooth, velvety texture and fruity notes that pair well with roasted vegetables or tomato-based sauces.

Of course, we can’t forget about sparkling wines – whether it’s Champagne, Prosecco, or Cava, these bubbly delights are perfect for celebrating special occasions or adding a touch of elegance to any meal. They pair well with a variety of dishes, from light seafood to rich pasta dishes, and can even stand up to spicy Asian cuisine.

Image courtesy of Kym Ellis

What to Look For When Ordering Wine

Choosing a bottle of wine can be a daunting task – with so many varieties, regions, and price points to consider, it’s no wonder many of us stick to the same old reliable bottle every time. But fear not, there are a few tricks to get you going.


First and foremost, consider your budget. Wine prices can range from a few dollars to hundreds or even thousands, so it’s important to know what you’re comfortable spending. Keep in mind that price doesn’t always equal quality – there are plenty of great wines at every price point.


Next up, consider the occasion. Are you looking for a bottle to share with friends over a casual dinner, or a special bottle to celebrate a milestone? The occasion can help guide you towards the perfect bottle – for example, a light and refreshing white wine might be perfect for a summer picnic, while a bold red would be a great choice for a cozy winter dinner party.


Now, let’s talk about taste. Do you prefer wines that are dry or sweet? Light or full-bodied? Fruity or earthy? Don’t be afraid to ask for recommendations from a wine shop employee – they’re there to help you find your perfect match.


Another key factor to consider is the region. Different regions are known for producing different styles of wine, so it’s worth doing a little research to find out which regions produce the types of wines you enjoy. For example, if you love bold, full-bodied reds, look for wines from regions like Napa Valley or Tuscany.


Finally, pay attention to the label. The label can give you valuable information about the wine, including the grape variety, the region it’s from, and the producer. Look for wines with clear, concise labels that give you the information you need to make an informed decision.

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Author: Laura Scalco
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